The Best Available Climate Friendly Technologies for Municipal Sector in Ukraine

Technology Needs Assessment (TNA) Report for Municipal Sector was developed by USAID Municipal Energy Reform Project in Ukraine (hereafter USAID Project) subcontractor Institute for Environment and Energy Conservation, based provisions of UNFCCC-UNEP “Handbook for conducting Technology Needs Assessment for Climate Change”.

This TNA Report presents a brief description of best available climate-friendly technologies to be implemented in municipal sector, including housing, heat and water supply, public transport, street lighting and solid municipal waste management. 
TNA Report for Municipal Sector aims to determine technology priorities for the mitigation in municipal sector of Ukraine, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and to scale up investment in technology transfer thus enabling Ukraine to address its needs for environmentally sound technologies in municipal sector.

TNA Report provides key technical specifications for all activities and measures for climate friendly technologies in municipal sector and recommendations for best, economically viable and climate-friendly, equipment selection to reduce GHG emissions and increase energy efficiency.

TNA Report also lists major equipment producers of climate-friendly technologies, including national producers, costs benefit analysis and key energy efficiency and environmental impact features.
TNA Report describes climate-friendly technologies in the following sub-sectors of municipal sector:

•    Heat supply technologies;
•    Water supply and sewerage (including wastewater treatment plants) technologies;
•    Public transport technologies;
•    Street lighting technologies;
•    Solid municipal waste management technologies.

TNA Report Section 1 describes best available technologies for heat generation for heat supply systems and propose climate-friendly technologies such as (1) burning solid biomass of plant origin in modern biofuel boilers, (2) use of solar energy and solar energy collectors, (3) use of heat pumps energy.

TNA Report Section 2 describes best available technologies for water supply and sewerage systems to improve their performance, reduce water losses and electricity consumption through (1) replacement of worn-out metal water lines with new polyethylene pipes, (2) internal relining of worn water pipelines with a polymer hose, (3) introduction of automated control systems with variable frequency drives of pump units and (4) regulation of water pressure.
TNA Report Section 3 describes the best available technologies for public transport, including (1) use of biogas buses, (2) innovative trolleybuses and electric buses, (3) use of buses running on biofuels.
TNA Report Section 4 describes the best available technologies for lighting systems, which are based on using modern semiconductor products, namely, implementation of modern internal and external lighting systems based on light-emitting diodes (LEDs).

TNA Report Section 5 describes the best available technologies for solid municipal waste (SMW) management systems, including (1) segregated collection and recycling of solid municipal waste, (2) SMW utilization for energy generation purposes, (3) landfills gas and production of landfill gas.

Implementation of state-of-art, climate-friendly technologies in municipal sector of Ukraine will make it possible to attract climate finance investment into climate-friendly, energy saving and environmentally sound municipal sector technologies.